Aconteceu no dia 8 de setembro às 13h00 a terceira edição do Seminário Virtual para investigadores em início de carreira (VERC).
Apresentadora: Paula Spinola (UCL)
Título: Effect of C-section on infant health: Evidence from a rationing policy
Resumo: We evaluate a rationing policy that introduced a fixed threshold to the rate of C-sections that hospitals in the public health system could perform. In a differences-in-differences empirical design, we assess whether municipalities most exposed to the policy (i.e. those with higher baseline C-section rate in the public health system) experienced a higher decrease in their overall rate of C-section and if this was followed by differences in infants’ health outcomes. More importantly, we use policy exposure as an instrument for choice of C-section in order to estimate the causal impact of C-section for infants’ health at birth as well as in their first year of life. We find that C-section increases both Apgar scores at birth and hospitalization rates of children under 1 year old. In other words, we find a positive impact of C-section in health at birth and negative impact in health within the first year of life. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the causal health effect of C-sections not only in a developing country, but in one with the highest C-section rate in the world.
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