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Em baixo fica o resumo do manuscrito apresentado:
Apresentadora: Andrea Salas Ortiz (University of York)
Título: Accumulation and transmission of inequalities of opportunity (IOp) and the double burden of malnutrition (DBM): the case of Mexico
Resumo: The term malnutrition has been wrongly used as a synonym for undernutrition, this has misled researchers and policy-makers to independently analyse under and over-nutrition problems. This short-sighted perspective has hidden the double burden of malnutrition problem that many countries are currently facing. Under a life course perspective, this paper examines the socioeconomic aspect of the problem in Mexico. Using Roemer’s inequality of opportunity (IOp) framework and a combination of matching and re-weighting techniques, a pseudo birth-cohort is constructed and IOp is measured in three nutrition-related outcomes: haemoglobin (Hb), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Results indicate that overall inequalities related to circumstances are higher in Hb than in BMI or WC. Under the course of life, the double burden of malnutrition is more acute. As people aged, IOp in Hb accumulate, whereas for BMI and WC inequalities decrease as people get older. When disentangling the role of circumstances and efforts towards the variation of outcomes, the results indicate that circumstances are the main driver in the likelihood to have anaemia, as well as to develop a double burden of malnutrition during adulthood. While efforts play a major role in the probability to be overweight. This paper contributes to the ongoing literature about inequality of opportunity in health by offering evidence about the unexplored relationship between accumulation and transmission of opportunities and the double burden of malnutrition in Mexico. Moreover, this paper is a first attempt to cope with the lack of panel data, a recurrent situation in many countries, to perform life-course health analysis.