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Em baixo fica o resumo do manuscrito apresentado:
Autores: Vahid Moghani (Erasmus School of Economics and Tinbergen Institute; https://vahid-moghani.com/), com Tom Van Ourti e Pilar García-Gómez.
Título: Childhood Mental Health Effects of Early-Life Exposure to a Parental Job Loss.
Resumo: In this paper, we study the mental health effects of an early life exposure to a parental job loss. We focus on firm-closure-induced job losses for the parents with children below age five. We observe that these children, compared to a control group of children, are more likely to take mental health related medicines in their later childhood in case of a paternal job loss. For children exposed to a maternal job loss, we do not observe significant effects. The increase in the probability of mental health related medication uptake among the children with a paternal job loss is mostly driven by psychostimulant drugs. We find
that these children have higher probability of using psychostimulants persistently between age five to twelve, and the size of the effects ranges from 15% of the mean uptake in the control group at age five to around 9% at age twelve. The estimates are robust against different specifications including using a doubly robust estimator to check if the results are sensitive to using different sets of control variables or using non-linear methods. We also adopt a placebo test to show that the estimates are not driven by the potential pre-existing differences between the treatment children and the control ones. Additionally, we study the heterogeneity of the effects by the household characteristics, and we observe that among the children with a paternal job loss, the effects are significantly larger for families with mothers being the main earner, suggesting that the income channel is not the main driver of the results. We study different potential channels that might drive the results and show that worse household environment is the most likely reason for this worse mental health outcome among the children facing a paternal job loss at early ages.